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Codes and Frequencies



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Description

EMP indicates whether or not the respondent was employed or self-employed (i.e. had a paid job) during the reference period in the original questionnaire).

EMPSTAT provides further details on the employment status of the respondent. UNEMP reports whether or not respondent was unemployed. STUDENT reports whether or not respondent was a student and RETIRED if respondent was retired. EMPSP indicates the employment status of the spouse or partner for those respondents in a couple.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Finland
Italy

Comparability

EMP is comparable across years when available. 

Comparability — Finland [top]

In 1979, EMP, STUDENT, and RETIRED are mutually exclusive - a person can be coded only as one of the three. The original variable (ptoim) asked respondents to choose from one of the following: "employed", "unemployed", "student", "chronic disability/illness", "pensioner otherwise", "homemaker" or "other".

Comparability — Italy [top]

In 2002, there are 33 students, 38 retired and 32 unemployed people with positive working hours. These respondents have been coded as employed. They are coded as EMP = 1 and EMPSTAT = 3. It is not known if they work full-time or part-time hours.

Universe

  • All persons.

Availability

  • Austria: 1992
  • Bulgaria: 2001
  • Canada: 2005, 2010
  • Finland: 1979, 2009
  • France: 1985, 1998, 2009
  • Hungary: 1999, 2009
  • Israel: 1991
  • Italy: 2002
  • Netherlands: 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005
  • South Africa: 2000
  • Spain: 2002, 2009
  • United Kingdom: 1974, 1983, 1987, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2014
  • United States: 1965, 1975, 1985, 1993, 1995, 1998, 2003-2012