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Codes and Frequencies

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ALONE_ALT indicates that the respondent was alone if the spouse/partner (SPPART), child (CHILD, and other adult (OAD) were not present during the activity. By contrast, ALONE may be coded as 1 even if other people are present.

ALONE_ALT is only available if you select a hierarchical extract. If you request a hierarchical extract and plan to construct time use variables in your statistics package, this variable may be useful to you. Alternatively, you may construct a time use variable as part of this system.


ALONE_ALT is only available for samples where the (SPPART), child (CHILD, and other adult (OAD) are available. The relationship between who variables is documented here.


  • All activities.


  • Austria: 1992
  • Bulgaria: 2001
  • Canada: 2010
  • Finland: 2009
  • France: 1985, 1998, 2009
  • Hungary: 1999, 2009
  • Israel: 1991
  • Italy: 2002
  • South Africa: 2000
  • Spain: 2002, 2009
  • United Kingdom: 1983, 1987, 2000, 2014
  • United States: 1965, 1975, 1998, 2003-2015