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Born in country

Codes and Frequencies

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WHERBORN reports where the diarist was born.

Comparability — Index

United Kingdom


WHERBORN is comparable across all samples.

Comparability — Canada [top]

In 2010, the s do not directly ask the question of where the diarist was born. What the survey did ask is if the reference person (and the spouse of the reference person, if relevant) is a French national by birth, French by naturalization, or not a French citizen. There is another variable asking where people were living at the age of 16, in France, abroad, or elsewhere. We use the categories "French by naturalization", "other citizen", as well as living abroad at the age of 16 as proxies for born elsewhere.

Comparability — United Kingdom [top]

In 2014, this variable reports whether the respondent was born in any one of the following countries: England, Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland. More detailed country data on where the respondent is born is available in the BTHPL variable.


  • All persons.


  • Canada: 2005, 2010, 2015
  • France: 1985
  • Hungary: 2009
  • Israel: 1991
  • Italy: 2008
  • Spain: 2002, 2009
  • United Kingdom: 2014